Fission Source, Nubar, and Chi 

As discussed above, the natural representation of fission in GROUPR is a
a grouptogroup transfer matrix, σ_{gg'}. But the
quantity required for the multigroup Boltzmann transport equation is the
fission source into group g,
Most existing transport code packages are not able to use a full fission matrix directly to compute this fission source; instead they count on the observation that, except for relatively high neutron energies, the spectrum of fission neutrons is only weakly dependent on initial energy. Therefore, the fission source can be written where nu_{g} is the fission neutron yield, σ_{fg} is the fission cross section, and χ_{g} is the average fission spectrum (the familiar "chi" vector), which can be defined by The fission neutron yield is given by Clearly, χ_{g} computed in this way depends on the flux in the system of interest. In most cases, the built in weighting functions in GROUPR are not adequate for computing χ_{g}; they are really only intended to provide reasonable intragroup fluxes. For this reason, GROUPR does not attempt to compute the fission chi itselfit just passes on the full fission matrix to some subsequent code that allows the user to enter an appropriate flux spectrum. Because the energy dependence is weak except for high incident energies, a rough guess for φ_{0g} usually gives an accurate fission chi. When this is not the case, the problem can be iterated. The DTFR and WIMSR modules know how to calculate chi from GROUPR output, and the TRANSX code working with MATXS files can support the fissionspectrum iteration described above. There is an addition complication for fission. The fission matrix from GROUPR only describes the prompt part of fission. It is also necessary to obtain the delayed neutron yield and spectra from GROUPR and combine them with the prompt matrix to contain the complete total fission nubar and chi. 
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23 January 2013  T2 Nuclear Information Service  ryxm@lanl.gov 